Design for Dementia Care

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Dementia Care Bedroom Principles

Dementia care bedroom principle diagram to help improve the bedroom environment for the care of the elderly and dementia care

care home bedroom

1Blackout blinds can help with a good night’s rest and reduce shadows which, like reflections, can be disturbing for some people with dementia.

2 To aid orientation to the bed, ensure appropriate colour contrasts between the cover sheet and the pillow.

3 Avoid clutter and rugs that could be tripped over and tables and chairs that may be in the way.  

4 To aid accessibility, remove doors from wardrobes so that clothes can be seen easily. Furniture designed with dementia in mind can be very helpful. on an open shelf ready to be worn the next morning. Other garments can be stored away from sight (if appropriate) until they are needed.

5 Some people with dementia may not recognise their reflection in a mirror and think  a stranger is in the room. Consider removing or covering mirrors if this becomes a problem.

6 Remove clutter but maintain familiarity in the relaxing environment. Include photographs and objects of importance.

7 Consider using a plug-in motion sensor light to illuminate the way to the bathroom and back at night.

8 Ensure even lighting with a minimum light level of 300 lux. Dimmable LED lighting is highly recommended.

9 A clock indicating whether it is day or night may help a person with dementia to know whether it is time to wake up or time to sleep.

10 Ensure clear colour contrasts between the wall and the light switch so it can be readily identified without difficulty.

11 Keep the door open and ensure unobstructed sight lines from the bed to the toilet. This will allow for the bathroom to be located more easily. Ensure there is clear colour contrast between doors and the door frame so doorways can be found with minimal difficulty.